The Palate

The Palate plays an essential role in the production of sounds.


Indeedits entire surface, from the incisor papillae to the uvula, is a zone of support,fulcrum, area of occlusion or friction for the tongue.


Each zone of the palate will be the place of production of a whole series of sounds.

The incisal papilla:


In contact with the tip of the tongue, it is the place of articulation of the sounds:


# نNoun ), which corresponds to the english sound "n", but with a more prononce 
"nose twang".


# And ر(Ra), which corresponds to the Spanish or Italian "rrolled,

like in the world "rojo" in spanish.

The front of the Palate:


 In contact with the tip of the tongue, the front of the palate is the place of articulation of the sounds:


# ت(Ta), which corresponds to the english sound "t", like in the word "trésor".


# ط(), emphatic letter of "t".


# د(Dal), which corresponds to the english "d", like in the word "duck".

The Hard Palate:


The middle of the tongue creates an occlusion to produce the sound ك(Kaf), which corresponds to the english "k", with a more pronounced pressure on the impact.


The tongue in front elevation towards the hard palate will reduce the dorsopalatin space(canal between the back of the tongueand the palate).






This reduced channel is the zone of articulation of the sounds:







# و(Waou), which corresponds to the english "u", like in the word "virtue"







# ي(Ya), which corresponds to the sound "eelike in the word "free" in english,





# ش(Shiin)With an even smaller channel, and without vocalization(without the vibration of the vocal chord)





# ج(Jiim)The Tongue is practically in contact with the hard palate, and with the participation of the vocal chords (vocalization).

The soft palate:



Etymologically, means the place closest to the throat.


The soft palate is the point of contact where the posterior part of the tongue is joined to create an oclusion producing the sound ق(Qaf).


The root of the tongue, in contact with the uvula, is the place of production of the sound غ(Ra)

Of the French word "paris".


The sound produced is said to be "fricative", the passage of the air is narrowed, producing a sound by friction



By raising the friction zone towards the soft palate, one obtains the sound خ(Khā), sound that resembles the sound produced when one clears the throat